To test the hypothesis that temporary platelet inhibition during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with surface heparinized systems may result in platelet preservation, nine Yorkshire pigs were placed on CPB for 3 hours. Platelet labeling was done in all pigs with Indium-111 tropolone. CPB was instituted with a roller pump, a hollow fiber membrane oxygenator (Bentley CM-50 [Baxter-Bentley Laboratories, Irvine, CA]), and an arterial filter. The extracorporeal perfusion systems were surface-coated with the Duraflo-II heparin complex. Group A pigs (n = 5) were systematically heparinized (activated coagulation time longer than 400 sec). Group B pigs (n = 4) were placed on CPB without systematic heparinization, but have received the stable prostacyclin-analog Iloprost (ZK36374) at 1 ng/kg/min i.v. from 30 min before and during CPB. Platelet counts declined in group A pigs at 5 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, and 3 hr of CPB to 79.8% (mean), 66.5%, 71.3%, and 69.0% of pre-CPB values, respectively (p < 0.05). In group B pigs, mean platelet count during CPB was higher than 90% of control value. Percentage of injected radioactivity detected in the oxygenator was 2.82% in group A pigs versus 0.73% in group B pigs (p = 0.0541). Surface heparinization with the Duraflo II heparin coating complex in combination with Iloprost-induced temporary platelet inhibition resulted in platelet count preservation during CPB in the pig model.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Oct 1 1991|
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