52 patients (42 children and 10 adults) with growth hormone deficiency (GHD), grouped into four diagnostic categories, and 6 children with constitutional short stature who served as controls were tested for plasma GH response to synthetic GH-RH1-44 given in an intravenous bolus. The response was classified into three degrees according to the magnitude of the maximal rise: Good, greater than 9 ng/ml; Partial, 3.1-9.0 ng/ml; None, less than or equal to 3 ng/ml. Among the GHD patients the highest response was observed in patients with partial growth hormone deficiency (PGHD), and 60% of the children with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) showed an increase in plasma GH levels. Nevertheless, the response of the GHD patients was lower than that in the control group. In the children and adolescents with PGHD and IGHD the response was not age related. Among those with multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies-idiopathic (MPHD-ID) there was no response in the adolescents although a hypothalamic disorder had been documented by other tests. Among those with MPHD-organic (MPHD-ORG) the GH-RH stimulated GH secretion in the patients with glioma, who had received only irradiation treatment, and in the youngest of the patients with craniopharyngioma. Of the 10 young adults tested none showed a good response. It is concluded that GH-RH is useful in differentiating between GH deficiency of hypothalamic origin and that of pituitary origin, and in selecting those patients who might benefit from long-term treatment with GH-RH in the future.
- Growth hormone deficiency
- Growth hormone response
- Growth hormone-releasing hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism