Placental transport of brevetoxin-3 in CD-1 mice

Janet M. Benson, Andrea P. Gomez, Gloria L. Statom, Brad M. Tibbetts, Lora E. Fleming, Lorraine C. Backer, Andrew Reich, Daniel G. Baden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine the distribution of brevetoxin-3 administered to pregnant dams and to determine the extent of placental transport to fetuses. Twenty-nine pregnant CD-1 mice were administered 3H-brevetoxin-3 (∼1.3 μCi/animal; ∼2.8 μg compound/kg) by intratracheal instillation on one of gestational days 15-18. Groups of four or five dams were killed at selected times through 48 h post-dosing. Four pregnant dams were administered 3H-brevetoxin-3 on gestational day 15 or 16 via osmotic minipump to provide continuous delivery of compound (∼0.13 μCi, 7.5 ng compound/day) over a 72-h period. Then the dams and fetuses were killed. Brevetoxin-associated radioactivity was detected in placentas and fetuses within 0.5 h of intratracheal administration. Concentrations of brevetoxin equivalents in fetuses were approximately 0.3 ng/g throughout the 48-h post-dosing, resulting in a calculated dose to fetuses of 19 ng/g h. Following brevetoxin infusion, concentration of brevetoxin equivalents in fetuses was 0.1 ng/g, lower than that present in most maternal tissues. Results demonstrated placental transport of brevetoxin or its metabolites following maternal acute exposure and repeated low-dose exposure. The consequences of these findings for pregnant women exposed to brevetoxins by inhalation or ingestion remain to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1018-1026
Number of pages9
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 15 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Brevetoxin-3
  • Intratracheal instillation
  • Mice
  • Placental transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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