PLA2G6-associated neurodegeneration (PLAN) and hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) are 2 groups of heterogeneous neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we report PLA2G6 gene mutations in 3 families from Turkey, Morocco, and Romania. Two affected Turkish siblings presenting HSP adds the disease to PLAN phenotypes. They were homozygous for the PLA2G6 missense c.2239C>T, p.Arg747Trp variant and the ages of onset were 9 and 21. Parkinsonism, dystonia or cognitive decline were not the clinical elements in these patients contrary to the cases that has been previously reported with the same variant, however, iron accumulation was evident in their cranial magnetic resonance imaging. The Moroccan patient was homozygous for a novel missense c.1786C>T, p.Leu596Phe variant and the Romanian patient had 2 novel mutations; c.1898C>T, p.Ala633Val and c.1765_1768del, p.Ser589ThrfsTer76. Both of these patients conformed better to childhood onset PLAN with the age of onset at 4 and 7 years, respectively. Interestingly, all identified mutations were affecting the highly conserved patatin-like phospholipase domain of the PLA2G6 protein.
- HSP, next-generation sequencing
- PLA2G6-associated neurodegeneration, PLAN
- hereditary spastic paraplegia
ASJC Scopus subject areas