Rosacea is a chronic dermatologic condition with limited treatment options, particularly for persistent erythema. This pivotal phase 3 study evaluated oxymetazoline, an a1A-adrenoceptor agonist, for the treatment of moderate to severe persistent erythema of rosacea. Eligible patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive oxymetazoline cream 1.0% or vehicle applied topically to the face once daily for 29 days. The primary efficacy outcome was ≥2-grade improvement from baseline on both Clinician Erythema Assessment (CEA) and Subject Self-Assessment for rosacea facial redness (SSA) (composite success) at 3, 6, 9, and 12 hours postdose on day 29. Digital image analysis of rosacea facial erythema was evaluated as a secondary efficacy outcome measure. Safety assessments included treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and dermal tolerability. Patients were followed for 28 days posttreatment to assess worsening of erythema (1-grade increase in severity from baseline on composite CEA/SSA in patients with moderate erythema at baseline; rebound effect). The study included 445 patients (mean age: 50.3 years; 78.7% female); most had moderate erythema at baseline (84.0% on CEA; 91.5% on SSA). The proportion of patients achieving the primary efficacy outcome was significantly greater with oxymetazoline versus vehicle (P=0.001). Similar results favoring oxymetazoline over vehicle were observed for the individual CEA and SSA scores (P less than 0.001 and P=0.011, respectively). Median reduction in rosacea facial erythema on day 29 as assessed by digital image analysis also favored oxymetazoline over vehicle (P less than 0.001). Safety results were similar between oxymetazoline and vehicle; discontinuations due to TEAEs were low (2.7% vs 0.5%). Following cessation of treatment, 2 (1.2%) patients in the oxymetazoline group and no patient in the vehicle group had rebound effect compared with their day 1 baseline score. Topical oxymetazoline applied to the face once daily for 29 days was effective, safe, and well tolerated in the treatment of moderate to severe persistent facial erythema of rosacea.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Drugs in Dermatology|
|State||Published - Mar 2018|
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