Pitzer model for the speciation of lead chloride and carbonate complexes in natural waters

Ryan J. Woosley, Frank J Millero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The speciation of lead in the environment is extremely important in determining its behavior and fate in natural waters. Speciation calculations rely on accurate formation constants, which are often scarce. The constants for Lead Chloride complexes are fairly well known in a wide variety of media, but lead carbonate values are rare and somewhat uncertain. We determined the stoichiometric formation constant (?PbCO3) of lead carbonate in NaCl solutions from 0.05 to 3.0m at 25°C. The thermodynamic formation constant (KPbCO3) was obtained using a Pitzer model (logKPbCO3=6.87±0.09). The known thermodynamic and stoichiometric formation constants of PbCln 2-n in HCl, NaCl, NaClO4, MgCl2 and CaCl2, published PbCO3 values in NaClO4, and our new PbCO3 values in NaCl are fit to a Pitzer model to determine the Pitzer coefficients for PbCl+, PbCl2, PbCl3 -, and PbCO3. Using this model the speciation of lead can be determined in a wide variety of media relevant to natural waters, including brines and seawater. Calculations of seawater speciation show general agreement with previously published estimates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalMarine Chemistry
Volume149
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Fingerprint

chloride
Seawater
carbonate
Water
Thermodynamics
Brines
Magnesium Chloride
thermodynamics
seawater
water
lead chloride
lead carbonate
Lead
calculation

Keywords

  • Lead carbonate
  • Lead chloride
  • Lead speciation
  • Pitzer coefficients
  • Seawater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Oceanography
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Pitzer model for the speciation of lead chloride and carbonate complexes in natural waters. / Woosley, Ryan J.; Millero, Frank J.

In: Marine Chemistry, Vol. 149, 02.2013, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Woosley, Ryan J. ; Millero, Frank J. / Pitzer model for the speciation of lead chloride and carbonate complexes in natural waters. In: Marine Chemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 149. pp. 1-7.
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