Pitfalls in soft tissue sarcoma imaging: chronic expanding hematomas

Kiarash Jahed, Behnaz Khazai, Monica Umpierrez, Ty Subhawong, Adam D. Singer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solid or nodular enhancement is typical of soft tissue sarcomas although high grade soft tissue sarcomas and those with internal hemorrhage often appear heterogeneous with areas of nonenhancement and solid or nodular enhancement. These MRI findings often prompt an orthopedic oncology referral, a biopsy or surgery. However, not all masses with these imaging findings are malignant. We report the multimodality imaging findings of two surgically proven chronic expanding hematomas (CEH) with imaging features that mimicked sarcomas. A third case of nonenhancing CEH of the lower extremity is also presented as a comparison. It is important that in the correct clinical scenario with typical imaging findings, the differential diagnosis of a chronic expanding hematoma be included in the workup of these patients. An image-guided biopsy of nodular tissue within such masses that proves to be negative for malignancy should not necessarily be considered discordant. A correct diagnosis may prevent a morbid unnecessary surgery and may indicate the need for a conservative noninvasive follow-up with imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalSkeletal Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Sep 8 2017

Keywords

  • Chronic expanding hematoma
  • Nodular contrast enhancement
  • Soft tissue sarcoma
  • Soft tissue tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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