Pilot Testing an Internet-Based STI and HIV Prevention Intervention With Chilean Women

Natalia Villegas, Daniel Santisteban, Rosina Cianelli, Lilian Ferrer, Todd Ambrosia, Nilda Peragallo, Loreto Lara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is high among young Chilean women, and there are no STI or HIV prevention interventions available to them that incorporate technology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the preliminary efficacy of an Internet-based STI and HIV prevention intervention (I-STIPI) for Chilean young women on measures of STI- and HIV-related information, motivation, behavioral skills, and preventive behaviors. Design: This is a pretest-posttest study. Forty young Chilean women between 18 and 24 years of age participated in an investigation of the I-STIPI's preliminary efficacy on STI and HIV prevention-related outcomes between baseline and a postintervention assessment. The intervention consisted of four online modules. Data collection was conducted in Santiago, Chile. Paired-samples t test analysis was used to determine whether there were significant differences in each of the outcome variables. Findings: After receiving I-STIPI, women reported a significant increase in levels of STI- and HIV-related knowledge, attitudes toward the use of condoms and perceived self-efficacy, and a reduction of risky sexual behaviors with uncommitted partners. Conclusions: The I-STIPI showed promise as an Internet-based intervention that can reduce barriers to accessing preventive interventions and increase STI and HIV preventive behaviors in young Chilean women. Clinical Relevance: The study provided important information about the ability of an Internet-based intervention to reduce young women's risk factors and to provide positive preliminary efficacy on STI- and HIV-related outcomes. Internet-based interventions can eliminate many barriers to receiving prevention interventions and may prove to be cost effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-116
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Distance learning
  • HIV prevention
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Infectious diseases
  • Sexual behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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