Pilot study of socioeconomic class, nutrition and birth defects in Spain

Panta Rouhani, Lora E. Fleming, Jaime Fráas, María Luisa Martínez-Frías, Eva Bermejo, Jacobo Mendioroz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research has indicated that the appropriate intake of folic acid, a B vitamin, before and during early pregnancy has been shown to prevent 50-70% of neural-tube defects. Increased NTD incidence has long been reported to occur more frequently among women of lower socioeconomic (SES). Since consumption of the folate-rich Mediterranean diet in Spain does not vary by socio-economic status (SES), we hypothesized that there would be no social class effect on NTD occurrence. Using data from a Spanish hospital-based birth defects registry, we studied the risk of Neural Tube Defects (NTDs) in 980 cases and 774 controls between 1980 and 2003. Our analysis showed that the risk of NTDs did not vary by SES. This finding suggests that increased access to folate and nutrition education might benefit women of lower SES in the US.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-405
Number of pages3
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Neural Tube Defects
Spain
Folic Acid
Economics
Mediterranean Diet
Vitamin B Complex
Social Class
Registries
Education
Pregnancy
Incidence
Research

Keywords

  • Birth defects
  • Folate
  • Folic acid
  • Mediterranean diet
  • Neural tube defects
  • Nutrition
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Rouhani, P., Fleming, L. E., Fráas, J., Martínez-Frías, M. L., Bermejo, E., & Mendioroz, J. (2007). Pilot study of socioeconomic class, nutrition and birth defects in Spain. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 11(4), 403-405. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-007-0186-3

Pilot study of socioeconomic class, nutrition and birth defects in Spain. / Rouhani, Panta; Fleming, Lora E.; Fráas, Jaime; Martínez-Frías, María Luisa; Bermejo, Eva; Mendioroz, Jacobo.

In: Maternal and Child Health Journal, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.07.2007, p. 403-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rouhani, P, Fleming, LE, Fráas, J, Martínez-Frías, ML, Bermejo, E & Mendioroz, J 2007, 'Pilot study of socioeconomic class, nutrition and birth defects in Spain', Maternal and Child Health Journal, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 403-405. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-007-0186-3
Rouhani P, Fleming LE, Fráas J, Martínez-Frías ML, Bermejo E, Mendioroz J. Pilot study of socioeconomic class, nutrition and birth defects in Spain. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2007 Jul 1;11(4):403-405. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-007-0186-3
Rouhani, Panta ; Fleming, Lora E. ; Fráas, Jaime ; Martínez-Frías, María Luisa ; Bermejo, Eva ; Mendioroz, Jacobo. / Pilot study of socioeconomic class, nutrition and birth defects in Spain. In: Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2007 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 403-405.
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