Physics considerations in the design of three-dimensional and multilevel magnetic recording

S. Khizroev, Y. Hijazi, N. Amos, R. Chomko, D. Litvinov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


The purpose of this paper is to explore three-dimensional magnetic recording as a next generation recording technology. To defer the superparamagnetic limit in magnetic recording substantially beyond the 1 Tbit/in. 2 mark, it is proposed to stack magnetic bits in a third (vertical) dimension. The vertical stacking underlies the concept of three-dimensional (3D) magnetic memory and recording - the primary subject of this paper. A clear distinction between absolute 3D memory and its trivial multilevel implementation is drawn. The paper focuses on the study of the media design and write and read processes. To minimize the intersymbol interference and improve stability, it is proposed to pattern the recording media in all three dimensions. Basic Co/Pd-based 3D recording media necessary for this study are fabricated using cosputter deposition. Focused-ion-beam-based fabrication is used to pattern the recording media into nanoscale bit cells. The physics of 3D magnetic recording is also investigated theoretically with Landau-Lifshits- Gilbert-based micromagnetic modeling. The ultimate goal of this paper is to help understand the physics of 3D and multilevel magnetic recordings and trigger wide interest in the studied concept.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number063907
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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