Physical Exercise Improves Cognitive Outcomes in 2 Models of Transient Cerebral Ischemia

Holly M. Stradecki-Cohan, Mehdi Youbi, Charles H. Cohan, Isa Saul, Alexandra A. Garvin, Edwin Perez, Kunjan R Dave, Clinton B Wright, Ralph L Sacco, Miguel Perez-Pinzon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE—: Preclinical studies suggest that exercise can enhance cognition after cerebral ischemia but often use long training regiments and test cognition during or acutely after training. The cognitive changes may result from enhanced physical fitness and may only provide acute benefit. We sought to determine whether a short period of exercise after cerebral ischemia could improve cognitive outcomes when measured days after completion of exercise training in 2 cerebral ischemia models. METHODS—: Focal or global cerebral ischemia was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats recovered (3–4 days) then were subject to no exercise (0 m/min), mild (6 m/min), moderate (10 m/min), or heavy (15–18 m/min) treadmill exercise (5–6 days). Cognition was tested 8 to 10 days after the last exercise session with hippocampal-dependent contextual fear conditioning. RESULTS—: A short training period of moderate exercise enhanced cognitive function for a week after exercise completion in both models of cerebral ischemia. CONCLUSIONS—: Utilization of this exercise paradigm can further the elucidation of exercise-mediated factors involved in cognitive recovery independent of changes in physical fitness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalStroke
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 29 2017

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Transient Ischemic Attack
Brain Ischemia
Cognition
Exercise
Physical Fitness
Fear
Sprague Dawley Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Stradecki-Cohan, H. M., Youbi, M., Cohan, C. H., Saul, I., Garvin, A. A., Perez, E., ... Perez-Pinzon, M. (Accepted/In press). Physical Exercise Improves Cognitive Outcomes in 2 Models of Transient Cerebral Ischemia. Stroke. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.017296

Physical Exercise Improves Cognitive Outcomes in 2 Models of Transient Cerebral Ischemia. / Stradecki-Cohan, Holly M.; Youbi, Mehdi; Cohan, Charles H.; Saul, Isa; Garvin, Alexandra A.; Perez, Edwin; Dave, Kunjan R; Wright, Clinton B; Sacco, Ralph L; Perez-Pinzon, Miguel.

In: Stroke, 29.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stradecki-Cohan, Holly M. ; Youbi, Mehdi ; Cohan, Charles H. ; Saul, Isa ; Garvin, Alexandra A. ; Perez, Edwin ; Dave, Kunjan R ; Wright, Clinton B ; Sacco, Ralph L ; Perez-Pinzon, Miguel. / Physical Exercise Improves Cognitive Outcomes in 2 Models of Transient Cerebral Ischemia. In: Stroke. 2017.
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