Physical exchanges at the air-sea interface: UK-SOLAS field measurements

Ian M. Brooks, Margaret J. Yelland, Robert C. Upstill-Goddard, Philip D. Nightingale, Steve Archer, Eric d'Asaro, Rachael Beale, Cory Beatty, Byron Blomquist, A. Anthony Bloom, Barbara J. Brooks, John Cluderay, David Coles, John Dacey, Michael DeGrandpr̈e, Jo Dixon, William M Drennan, Joseph Gabriele, Laura Goldson, Nick Hardman-MountfordMartin K. Hill, Matt Horn, Ping Chang Hsueh, Barry Huebert, Gerrit De Leeuw, Timothy G. Leighton, Malcolm Liddicoat, Justin J N Lingard, Craig McNeil, James B. McQuaid, Ben I. Moat, Gerald Moore, Craig Neill, Sarah J. Norris, Simon O'Doherty, Robin W. Pascal, John Prytherch, Mike Rebozo, Erik Sahlee, Matt Salter, Ute Schuster, Ingunn Skjelvan, Hans Slagter, Michael H. Smith, Paul D. Smith, Meric Srokosz, John A. Stephens, Peter K. Taylor, Maciej Telszewski, Roisin Walsh, Brian Ward, David K. Woolf, Dickon Young, Henk Zemmelink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As part of the U.K. contribution to the international Surface Ocean - Lower Atmosphere Study, a series of three related projects - DOGEE, SEASAW, and HiWASE - undertook experimental studies of the processes controlling the physical exchange of gases and sea spray aerosol at the sea surface. The studies share a common goal: to reduce the high degree of uncertainty in current parameterization schemes. The wide variety of measurements made during the studies, which incorporated tracer and surfactant release experiments, included direct eddy correlation fluxes, detailed wave spectra, wind history, photographic retrievals of whitecap fraction, aerosol-size spectra and composition, surfactant concentration, and bubble populations in the ocean mixed layer. Measurements were made during three cruises in the northeast Atlantic on the RRS Discovery during 2006 and 2007; a fourth campaign has been making continuous measurements on the Norwegian weather ship Polarfront since September 2006. This paper provides an overview of the three projects and some of the highlights of the measurements campaigns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-644
Number of pages16
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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surfactant
sea surface
wave spectrum
air
spray
mixed layer
bubble
parameterization
eddy
experimental study
tracer
particle size
aerosol
weather
atmosphere
ocean
history
gas
experiment
sea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Brooks, I. M., Yelland, M. J., Upstill-Goddard, R. C., Nightingale, P. D., Archer, S., d'Asaro, E., ... Zemmelink, H. (2009). Physical exchanges at the air-sea interface: UK-SOLAS field measurements. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90(5), 629-644. https://doi.org/10.1175/2008BAMS2578.1

Physical exchanges at the air-sea interface : UK-SOLAS field measurements. / Brooks, Ian M.; Yelland, Margaret J.; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.; Nightingale, Philip D.; Archer, Steve; d'Asaro, Eric; Beale, Rachael; Beatty, Cory; Blomquist, Byron; Bloom, A. Anthony; Brooks, Barbara J.; Cluderay, John; Coles, David; Dacey, John; DeGrandpr̈e, Michael; Dixon, Jo; Drennan, William M; Gabriele, Joseph; Goldson, Laura; Hardman-Mountford, Nick; Hill, Martin K.; Horn, Matt; Hsueh, Ping Chang; Huebert, Barry; De Leeuw, Gerrit; Leighton, Timothy G.; Liddicoat, Malcolm; Lingard, Justin J N; McNeil, Craig; McQuaid, James B.; Moat, Ben I.; Moore, Gerald; Neill, Craig; Norris, Sarah J.; O'Doherty, Simon; Pascal, Robin W.; Prytherch, John; Rebozo, Mike; Sahlee, Erik; Salter, Matt; Schuster, Ute; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Slagter, Hans; Smith, Michael H.; Smith, Paul D.; Srokosz, Meric; Stephens, John A.; Taylor, Peter K.; Telszewski, Maciej; Walsh, Roisin; Ward, Brian; Woolf, David K.; Young, Dickon; Zemmelink, Henk.

In: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 90, No. 5, 2009, p. 629-644.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brooks, IM, Yelland, MJ, Upstill-Goddard, RC, Nightingale, PD, Archer, S, d'Asaro, E, Beale, R, Beatty, C, Blomquist, B, Bloom, AA, Brooks, BJ, Cluderay, J, Coles, D, Dacey, J, DeGrandpr̈e, M, Dixon, J, Drennan, WM, Gabriele, J, Goldson, L, Hardman-Mountford, N, Hill, MK, Horn, M, Hsueh, PC, Huebert, B, De Leeuw, G, Leighton, TG, Liddicoat, M, Lingard, JJN, McNeil, C, McQuaid, JB, Moat, BI, Moore, G, Neill, C, Norris, SJ, O'Doherty, S, Pascal, RW, Prytherch, J, Rebozo, M, Sahlee, E, Salter, M, Schuster, U, Skjelvan, I, Slagter, H, Smith, MH, Smith, PD, Srokosz, M, Stephens, JA, Taylor, PK, Telszewski, M, Walsh, R, Ward, B, Woolf, DK, Young, D & Zemmelink, H 2009, 'Physical exchanges at the air-sea interface: UK-SOLAS field measurements', Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 629-644. https://doi.org/10.1175/2008BAMS2578.1
Brooks IM, Yelland MJ, Upstill-Goddard RC, Nightingale PD, Archer S, d'Asaro E et al. Physical exchanges at the air-sea interface: UK-SOLAS field measurements. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 2009;90(5):629-644. https://doi.org/10.1175/2008BAMS2578.1
Brooks, Ian M. ; Yelland, Margaret J. ; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C. ; Nightingale, Philip D. ; Archer, Steve ; d'Asaro, Eric ; Beale, Rachael ; Beatty, Cory ; Blomquist, Byron ; Bloom, A. Anthony ; Brooks, Barbara J. ; Cluderay, John ; Coles, David ; Dacey, John ; DeGrandpr̈e, Michael ; Dixon, Jo ; Drennan, William M ; Gabriele, Joseph ; Goldson, Laura ; Hardman-Mountford, Nick ; Hill, Martin K. ; Horn, Matt ; Hsueh, Ping Chang ; Huebert, Barry ; De Leeuw, Gerrit ; Leighton, Timothy G. ; Liddicoat, Malcolm ; Lingard, Justin J N ; McNeil, Craig ; McQuaid, James B. ; Moat, Ben I. ; Moore, Gerald ; Neill, Craig ; Norris, Sarah J. ; O'Doherty, Simon ; Pascal, Robin W. ; Prytherch, John ; Rebozo, Mike ; Sahlee, Erik ; Salter, Matt ; Schuster, Ute ; Skjelvan, Ingunn ; Slagter, Hans ; Smith, Michael H. ; Smith, Paul D. ; Srokosz, Meric ; Stephens, John A. ; Taylor, Peter K. ; Telszewski, Maciej ; Walsh, Roisin ; Ward, Brian ; Woolf, David K. ; Young, Dickon ; Zemmelink, Henk. / Physical exchanges at the air-sea interface : UK-SOLAS field measurements. In: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 2009 ; Vol. 90, No. 5. pp. 629-644.
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abstract = "As part of the U.K. contribution to the international Surface Ocean - Lower Atmosphere Study, a series of three related projects - DOGEE, SEASAW, and HiWASE - undertook experimental studies of the processes controlling the physical exchange of gases and sea spray aerosol at the sea surface. The studies share a common goal: to reduce the high degree of uncertainty in current parameterization schemes. The wide variety of measurements made during the studies, which incorporated tracer and surfactant release experiments, included direct eddy correlation fluxes, detailed wave spectra, wind history, photographic retrievals of whitecap fraction, aerosol-size spectra and composition, surfactant concentration, and bubble populations in the ocean mixed layer. Measurements were made during three cruises in the northeast Atlantic on the RRS Discovery during 2006 and 2007; a fourth campaign has been making continuous measurements on the Norwegian weather ship Polarfront since September 2006. This paper provides an overview of the three projects and some of the highlights of the measurements campaigns.",
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