Physical and mental health impacts of the covid-19 pandemic among us adults with chronic respiratory conditions

Lulu Wei, Jessica Y. Islam, Eduardo A. Mascareno, Argelis Rivera, Denise C. Vidot, Marlene Camacho-Rivera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adults living with chronic respiratory diseases are at higher risk of death due to COVID-19. Our objective was to evaluate the physical and mental health symptoms among US adults living with chronic respiratory conditions. We used data of 10,760 US adults from the nationally representative COVID-19 Impact Survey. Chronic respiratory conditions were self-reported and included asthma (14.7%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD (4.7%), and bronchitis/emphysema (11.6%). We used multivariable Poisson regression to evaluate physical health symptoms. We estimated associations of mental health symptoms using multinomial logistic regression. In multivariable models, adults with asthma were more likely to report physical symptoms including runny or stuffy nose, chest congestion, fever, and chills. In addition, adults with COPD were more likely to report several physical symptoms including fever (adjusted prevalence ratio [aPR]: 1.37, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09–1.72), chills (aPR: 2.10, 95% CI: 1.67–2.64), runny or stuffy nose (aPR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.39–2.27), chest congestion (aPR: 2.14, 95% CI: 1.74–2.61), sneezing (aPR: 1.59, 95% CI: 1.23–2.05), and muscle or body aches (aPR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.06–1.81). Adults with chronic respiratory conditions are more likely to report physical and mental health symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to others. Providers should prioritize discussing mental health symptom management as the pandemic continues to be a public health concern in the US.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3981
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • COVID-19
  • Depression
  • Mental health
  • Respiratory conditions
  • SARS-CoV-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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