Purpose: Macular corneal dystrophy (MCD) is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder that has been subdivided into three immunophenotypes, MCD types I, IA and II. We previously mapped the MCD type I gene to chromosome 16q22 and suggested that the MCD type II gene was linked to the same region. The purpose of this study was to construct a genomic contig spanning the MCD region and to narrow the MCD critical interval by haplotype analysis. The TAT and LCAT genes were mapped to determine if they might be the MCD gene. Methods: The MCD contig was constructed by screening YAC, PAC, and BAC libraries with microsatellite, STS and EST markers, employing a systematic "DNA walking" technique. Polymorphic markers mapped and ordered on the contig were used to screen the MCD affected individuals and their family members for haplotype analysis. Results: Twenty-two YAC, 30 PAC, and 17 BAC clones were mapped to form the MCD contig. Markers mapped on the contig include 19 microsatellite, 14 STS, and 15 EST markers. Moreover, 18 novel STS markers were generated. Using the mapped and ordered microsatellite markers, haplotype analysis on 21 individuals with MCD type I or type II and their family members from Iceland narrowed the MCD interval to 3 overlapping PAC clones. In addition, the TAT and LCAT genes were mapped outside the MCD region. Conclusions: We established a genomic contig for the MCD region and dramatically narrowed the MCD critical interval. Mapping data show that the TAT and LCAT genes are not the cause of MCD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 2000|
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