Discharge of azo dyes by textile and allied industries to the environment is a growing problem. Degradation of an azo dye, methyl orange (MO), was tested in simulated wastewater with different oxide nanomaterials acting as photocatalysts under visible light. Titanium dioxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO), and graphene oxide (GO) were synthesized, characterized, and applied for adsorptive and photocatalytic removal of the dye. Factors such as initial concentration of MO and size of nanoparticle photocatalyst were varied to determine the optimum conditions for dye removal. Finally, nanocomposites of the three materials (GO–TiO2–ZnO) were synthesized and tested for its photocatalytic performance. The composition of the individual oxide in the nanocomposite was then varied to achieve the best photocatalytic performance.
- Graphene oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Materials Science (miscellaneous)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Cell Biology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering