A Ca2+-insensitive myosin light chain kinase was prepared and used in experiments with skinned gizzard fibers. In the absence of Ca2+, this kinase activated isometric force development. The force development was associated with phosphorylation of the 20,000-dalton myosin light chains and addition of Ca2+ did not activate the fibers further. Pretreatment of the fibers with Ca2+-insensitive myosin light chain kinase and adenosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) in the absence of Ca2+ caused thiophosphorylation of the light chains and, on the addition of ATP, an activation of isometric tension was observed. The subsequent addition of Ca2+ did not increase force development. A comparison of Ca2+-activated tension in the skinned gizzard muscle fibers with Ca2+-insensitive myosin light chain kinase-activated tension suggests that the phosphorylation of the myosin light chains is the dominant factor in the development of tension in smooth muscle.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jun 10 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology