Purpose: To determine the efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics, and effects on serum angiogenic growth factors of two dose levels of thalidomide in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Patients and Methods: Twenty-eight patients with progressive metastatic breast cancer were randomized to receive either daily 2000 mg of thalidomide or 800 mg to be escalated to 1,200 mg. Fourteen heavily pre-treated patients were assigned to each dose level. Each cycle consisted of 8 weeks of treatment. Pharmacokinetics and growth factor serum levels were evaluated. Results: No patients had a true partial or complete response. On the 800-mg arm, 13 patients had progressive disease at or before 8 weeks of treatment and one refused to continue treatment. The dose was reduced because of somnolence to 600 mg for five patients and to 400 mg for two and was increased for one to 1,000 mg and for four to 1,200 mg. On the 200-mg arm, 12 patients had progressive disease at or before 8 weeks and two had stable disease at 8 weeks, of whom one was removed from study at week 11 because of grade 3 neuropathy and the other had progressive disease at week 16. Dose-limiting toxicities included somnolence and neuropathy. Adverse events that did not require dose or schedule modifications included constipation, fatigue, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, anorexia, arrhythmia, headaches, skin rash, hypotension, and neutropenia. Evaluation of circulating angiogenic factors and pharmacokinetic studies failed to provide insight into the reason for the lack of efficacy. Conclusion: Single-agent thalidomide has little or no activity in patients with heavily pretreated breast cancer. Further studies that include different patient populations and/or combinations with other agents might be performed at the lower dose levels. (C) 2000 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research