Phase Ib/II single-arm trial evaluating the combination of everolimus, lapatinib and capecitabine for the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer with brain metastases (TRIO-US B-09)

Sara Hurvitz, Rashi Singh, Brad Adams, Julie A. Taguchi, David Chan, Robert A. Dichmann, Aurelio Castrellon, Eddie Hu, Jonathan Berkowitz, Aruna Mani, Brian DiCarlo, Rena Callahan, Ira Smalberg, Xiaoyan Wang, Ivana Meglar, Diego Martinez, Evthokia Hobbs, Dennis J. Slamon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Improving outcomes for patients with human epidermal growth factor 2-positive (HER2+) central nervous system (CNS) metastases remains an unmet clinical need. This trial evaluated a novel combination of everolimus, lapatinib and capecitabine for this disease. Methods: Patients with trastuzumab-pretreated, HER2+ breast cancer brain metastasis without prior therapy with a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor were eligible. Patients received lapatinib and everolimus daily (continuously) and capecitabine twice daily (d1–14) in 21-d cycles. The primary endpoint was the 12-week CNS objective response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints included safety, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), best CNS ORR and extra-CNS ORR. Results: A total of 19 participants were enrolled and treated with ⩾1 dose of the study drug. The median age was 58.5 years, the median number of therapies for metastatic breast cancer was 2.5 (0–11). Pretrial, 74% of participants had received prior lapatinib, capecitabine or both. A total of 63% had received previous CNS radiation or surgical resection and CNS radiation. The maximum tolerated doses were lapatinib at 1000 mg, everolimus at 10 mg, and capecitabine at 1000 mg/m2. Phase II proceeded with capecitabine at 750 mg/m2 due to better tolerability. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were mucositis (16%), diarrhea, fatigue, and hypokalemia (11% each). Of 11 participants evaluable for 12-week CNS ORR, 3 (27%) had partial response and 7 (64%) had stable disease. The best CNS ORR in eligible participants was 28% (5/18). The median PFS and OS were 6.2 and 24.2 months, respectively. Conclusions: This novel triplet combination of lapatinib, everolimus, and capecitabine is well tolerated and yielded a 27% response rate in the CNS at 12 weeks in heavily pretreated participants. Larger studies are warranted to further evaluate this regimen. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01783756. Registered 05 February 2013, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01783756.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • HER2+ breast cancer
  • PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitor
  • capecitabine
  • chemotherapy
  • everolimus
  • lapatinib
  • metastatic brain tumors
  • tyrosine kinase inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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    Hurvitz, S., Singh, R., Adams, B., Taguchi, J. A., Chan, D., Dichmann, R. A., Castrellon, A., Hu, E., Berkowitz, J., Mani, A., DiCarlo, B., Callahan, R., Smalberg, I., Wang, X., Meglar, I., Martinez, D., Hobbs, E., & Slamon, D. J. (2018). Phase Ib/II single-arm trial evaluating the combination of everolimus, lapatinib and capecitabine for the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer with brain metastases (TRIO-US B-09). Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology, 10. https://doi.org/10.1177/1758835918807339