We conducted a phase I clinical trial of H3B-8800, an oral small molecule that binds Splicing Factor 3B1 (SF3B1), in patients with MDS, CMML, or AML. Among 84 enrolled patients (42 MDS, 4 CMML and 38 AML), 62 were red blood cell (RBC) transfusion dependent at study entry. Dose escalation cohorts examined two once-daily dosing regimens: schedule I (5 days on/9 days off, range of doses studied 1–40 mg, n = 65) and schedule II (21 days on/7 days off, 7–20 mg, n = 19); 27 patients received treatment for ≥180 days. The most common treatment-related, treatment-emergent adverse events included diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, and vomiting. No complete or partial responses meeting IWG criteria were observed; however, RBC transfusion free intervals >56 days were observed in nine patients who were transfusion dependent at study entry (15%). Of 15 MDS patients with missense SF3B1 mutations, five experienced RBC transfusion independence (TI). Elevated pre-treatment expression of aberrant transcripts of Transmembrane Protein 14C (TMEM14C), an SF3B1 splicing target encoding a mitochondrial porphyrin transporter, was observed in MDS patients experiencing RBC TI. In summary, H3B-8800 treatment was associated with mostly low-grade TAEs and induced RBC TI in a biomarker-defined subset of MDS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research