Phase calibration of TanDEM-X ATI-SAR data for sea surface velocity measurements

Anis Elyouncha, Leif E.B. Eriksson, Roland Romeiser, Lars M.H. Ulander

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been demonstrated that Along Track Interferometric (ATI) SAR is a useful tool to retrieve ocean surface currents. The ATI SAR provides an interferometric phase (hereafter called phase) which is directly related to the Line-Of-Sight (LOS) component of the surface velocity. The accuracy of ocean currents retrieval is highly dependent on the phase processing. For instance, a properly processed phase must equal zero over static targets. The measured TanDEM-X phase rarely (if ever) satisfies this condition which indicates a phase offset independent of the surface properties. The offset can be either due to a phase synchronization issue or to using inaccurate orbital and attitude information in the processing. The objective of phase calibration is the estimation and the removal of the offset and possible trends from the measured phase. In this paper, the topographic phase is simulated using a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and baseline information. The calibration is carried out by estimating the average of the phase over land, after topography correction, and subtracting the estimated value from the measured phase. Finally, the residual phase trend is removed using a second order polynomial fitting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages922-925
Number of pages4
Volume2017-July
ISBN (Electronic)9781509049516
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017
Event37th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2017 - Fort Worth, United States
Duration: Jul 23 2017Jul 28 2017

Other

Other37th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2017
CountryUnited States
CityFort Worth
Period7/23/177/28/17

Fingerprint

TanDEM-X
Surface measurement
Velocity measurement
sea surface
synthetic aperture radar
Calibration
calibration
Ocean currents
Processing
Topography
Surface properties
digital elevation model
Synchronization
Polynomials
topography
trend

Keywords

  • ATI SAR
  • Ocean current
  • phase calibration
  • TanDEM-X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Elyouncha, A., Eriksson, L. E. B., Romeiser, R., & Ulander, L. M. H. (2017). Phase calibration of TanDEM-X ATI-SAR data for sea surface velocity measurements. In 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: International Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings (Vol. 2017-July, pp. 922-925). [8127103] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127103

Phase calibration of TanDEM-X ATI-SAR data for sea surface velocity measurements. / Elyouncha, Anis; Eriksson, Leif E.B.; Romeiser, Roland; Ulander, Lars M.H.

2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: International Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings. Vol. 2017-July Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. p. 922-925 8127103.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Elyouncha, A, Eriksson, LEB, Romeiser, R & Ulander, LMH 2017, Phase calibration of TanDEM-X ATI-SAR data for sea surface velocity measurements. in 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: International Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings. vol. 2017-July, 8127103, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 922-925, 37th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2017, Fort Worth, United States, 7/23/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127103
Elyouncha A, Eriksson LEB, Romeiser R, Ulander LMH. Phase calibration of TanDEM-X ATI-SAR data for sea surface velocity measurements. In 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: International Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings. Vol. 2017-July. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2017. p. 922-925. 8127103 https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127103
Elyouncha, Anis ; Eriksson, Leif E.B. ; Romeiser, Roland ; Ulander, Lars M.H. / Phase calibration of TanDEM-X ATI-SAR data for sea surface velocity measurements. 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: International Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings. Vol. 2017-July Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. pp. 922-925
@inproceedings{ec2d0ca3fe66496594b80235a15ac3d2,
title = "Phase calibration of TanDEM-X ATI-SAR data for sea surface velocity measurements",
abstract = "It has been demonstrated that Along Track Interferometric (ATI) SAR is a useful tool to retrieve ocean surface currents. The ATI SAR provides an interferometric phase (hereafter called phase) which is directly related to the Line-Of-Sight (LOS) component of the surface velocity. The accuracy of ocean currents retrieval is highly dependent on the phase processing. For instance, a properly processed phase must equal zero over static targets. The measured TanDEM-X phase rarely (if ever) satisfies this condition which indicates a phase offset independent of the surface properties. The offset can be either due to a phase synchronization issue or to using inaccurate orbital and attitude information in the processing. The objective of phase calibration is the estimation and the removal of the offset and possible trends from the measured phase. In this paper, the topographic phase is simulated using a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and baseline information. The calibration is carried out by estimating the average of the phase over land, after topography correction, and subtracting the estimated value from the measured phase. Finally, the residual phase trend is removed using a second order polynomial fitting.",
keywords = "ATI SAR, Ocean current, phase calibration, TanDEM-X",
author = "Anis Elyouncha and Eriksson, {Leif E.B.} and Roland Romeiser and Ulander, {Lars M.H.}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127103",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2017-July",
pages = "922--925",
booktitle = "2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Phase calibration of TanDEM-X ATI-SAR data for sea surface velocity measurements

AU - Elyouncha, Anis

AU - Eriksson, Leif E.B.

AU - Romeiser, Roland

AU - Ulander, Lars M.H.

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - It has been demonstrated that Along Track Interferometric (ATI) SAR is a useful tool to retrieve ocean surface currents. The ATI SAR provides an interferometric phase (hereafter called phase) which is directly related to the Line-Of-Sight (LOS) component of the surface velocity. The accuracy of ocean currents retrieval is highly dependent on the phase processing. For instance, a properly processed phase must equal zero over static targets. The measured TanDEM-X phase rarely (if ever) satisfies this condition which indicates a phase offset independent of the surface properties. The offset can be either due to a phase synchronization issue or to using inaccurate orbital and attitude information in the processing. The objective of phase calibration is the estimation and the removal of the offset and possible trends from the measured phase. In this paper, the topographic phase is simulated using a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and baseline information. The calibration is carried out by estimating the average of the phase over land, after topography correction, and subtracting the estimated value from the measured phase. Finally, the residual phase trend is removed using a second order polynomial fitting.

AB - It has been demonstrated that Along Track Interferometric (ATI) SAR is a useful tool to retrieve ocean surface currents. The ATI SAR provides an interferometric phase (hereafter called phase) which is directly related to the Line-Of-Sight (LOS) component of the surface velocity. The accuracy of ocean currents retrieval is highly dependent on the phase processing. For instance, a properly processed phase must equal zero over static targets. The measured TanDEM-X phase rarely (if ever) satisfies this condition which indicates a phase offset independent of the surface properties. The offset can be either due to a phase synchronization issue or to using inaccurate orbital and attitude information in the processing. The objective of phase calibration is the estimation and the removal of the offset and possible trends from the measured phase. In this paper, the topographic phase is simulated using a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and baseline information. The calibration is carried out by estimating the average of the phase over land, after topography correction, and subtracting the estimated value from the measured phase. Finally, the residual phase trend is removed using a second order polynomial fitting.

KW - ATI SAR

KW - Ocean current

KW - phase calibration

KW - TanDEM-X

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041857378&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041857378&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127103

DO - 10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127103

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 2017-July

SP - 922

EP - 925

BT - 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -