Pharmacokinetics of single-bolus subcutaneous cefovecin in C57BL/6 mice

Kevin L. Sanders, Esperanza Bas Infante, Sherry K. Cox, Daniel E Rothen

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Abstract

Because of its extended half-life, cefovecin is a broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic commonly used to treat dermatitis in dogs and cats. A single injection in dogs can yield an effective plasma concentration for as long as 14 d, depending on the strain of Staphylococcus and for as long as 7 d in cats for the treatment of Pasteurella multocida. In the laboratory animal setting, C57BL/6 mice are commonly affected with dermatologic conditions that make these animals unsuitable for experiments. Therefore, we performed this pharmacokinetic study to determine whether cefovecin would be of benefit in mice. Plasma levels of the drug were determined by HPLC. For this study, single-bolus subcutaneous dosages of 8 and 40 mg/kg were assessed. The results showed that the dosage of 40 mg/kg achieved a maximal plasma concentration of 411.54 μg/mL with a half-life of 0.84 h, whereas 8 mg/kg yielded 78.18 μg/mL and 1.07 h respectively. The pharmacokinetic results suggest that cefovecin is not suitable as a long-acting antibiotic after a single subcutaneous bolus injection in mice for the treatment of dermatitis or any other bacteria sensitive to this medication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)558-561
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science
Volume56
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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