Pharmacokinetics and toxicity evaluation of a plga and chitosan-based micro-implant for sustained release of methotrexate in rabbit vitreous

Soumyarwit Manna, Anna M. Donnell, Rafaela Q.Caixeta Faraj, Blanca I. Riemann, Christopher D. Riemann, James J. Augsburger, Zelia M. Correa, Rupak K. Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present research investigates the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of a chitosan (CS) and poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA)-based methotrexate (MTX) intravitreal micro-implant in normal rabbit eyes. PLGA and CS-based micro-implants containing 400 µg of MTX were surgically inserted in the vitreous of twenty-four New Zealand rabbits using minimally invasive procedures. The PLGA-coated CS-MTX micro-implant and the placebo micro-implant were inserted in the right eye and in the left eye, respectively, of each rabbit. The intravitreal MTX concentration was evaluated on Days 1, 3, 7, 14, 28 and 56. A therapeutic concentration of MTX (0.1–1.0 µM) in the rabbit vitreous was observed for 56 days. The release of MTX in the therapeutic release phase followed first-order kinetics. Histopathologic evaluation on Days 14, 28 and 56 of the enucleated eyes demonstrated no signs of toxicity or any anatomical irregularity in the vitreoretinal domain. Additionally, the micro-implants were stationary at the position of their implantation throughout the duration of the study. The PLGA-coated CS-MTX micro-implant can serve as a potential alternative to the current treatment modality of intravitreal MTX injections based on its performance, thereby avoiding associated complications and the treatment burden of multiple injections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1227
JournalPharmaceutics
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Chitosan
  • Methotrexate
  • Micro-implant
  • Minimally invasive
  • PLA/PLGA
  • Sustained release

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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