Pharmacodynamic evaluation of ofloxacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in vaginal fluid of women treated for acute cystitis

T. A. Tartaglione, C. R. Johnson, P. Brust, K. Opheim, T. M. Hooton, W. E. Stamm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vaginal colonization with Escherichia coli is an integral step in the development of acute cystitis, and persistent vaginal coliform colonization may also be a predisposing step to recurrent urinary tract infections. For this reason, we evaluated antibiotic concentrations in the vaginal fluid, serum, and urine and the vaginal colonization by E. coli of 56 women receiving either ofloxacin (200 mg orally twice a day) or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) (160/800 mg orally twice a day) for the treatment of acute cystitis. Ofloxacin and trimethoprim both penetrated into vaginal fluid to a considerably greater extent than sulfamethoxazole. Among 33 patients given ofloxacin, the concentration of the drug in vaginal fluid during one dosage interval ranged from 1.6 to 21.6 μg/ml. In 21 women given TMP-SMX the range of drug concentrations in vaginal fluid was 2.6 to 32.5 μg/ml for TMP and 1.0 to 6.2 μg/ml for SMX. Treatment with both ofloxacin and TMP-SMX remarkably reduced vaginal colonization by E. coli during and up to 30 days after therapy. For the ofloxacin-treated women, eradication of vaginal E. coli was associated with a high ratio of drug concentration in vaginal fluid to that in serum. We conclude that ofloxacin and TMP both achieve high concentrations in vaginal fluid and are equally successful in eradicating E. coli from the vagina.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1640-1643
Number of pages4
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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