Personality, stress, and social support in HIV risk prediction

Robert McMahon, Robert M. Malow, Terri E. Jennings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated whether baseline levels of avoidant, antisocial, and dependent personality features and perceived stress and social support predict 12 month follow-up levels of unprotected sex in 141 male veterans undergoing alcohol and other drug (AOD) abuse treatment that included an HIV transmission risk reduction (HIV-TRR) component. Because our focus is on psychosocial predictors of level of unprotected sex after completion of AOD/ HIV-TRR treatment, we first controlled for potential confounds including (a) intake level of unprotected sex and (b) both intake and follow-up AOD abuse values. Further, because associations between both stress and social support and level of risk behavior may be attributable to underlying pathological personality factors, we controlled for these factors in analyses of stress and support effects. Sequential regression was employed to determine if personality and then stress and social support characteristics improved prediction of unprotected sex after entering covariates. Pretreatment levels of unprotected sex and dependent personality significantly predicted unprotected sex during follow-up. Avoidant personality was associated with reduced risk linked with lower levels of sexual involvement. Perceived stress and social support did not significantly predict level of unprotected sex during follow-up. We found significant decreases in levels of alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine and in the number reporting IDU. Implications for developing personality-sensitive HIV prevention interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-410
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Fingerprint

Unsafe Sex
Social Support
Personality
HIV
Alcohols
Risk Reduction Behavior
Substance-Related Disorders
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Veterans
Cannabis
Risk-Taking
Cocaine
Statistical Factor Analysis
Therapeutics
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • HIV risk
  • Personality
  • Stress
  • Support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Personality, stress, and social support in HIV risk prediction. / McMahon, Robert; Malow, Robert M.; Jennings, Terri E.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 4, No. 4, 01.12.2000, p. 399-410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McMahon, Robert ; Malow, Robert M. ; Jennings, Terri E. / Personality, stress, and social support in HIV risk prediction. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2000 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 399-410.
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