Personality profiles and state aggressiveness in Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, fire setters, and healthy volunteers

Matti Virkkunen, Eila Kallio, Robert Rawilings, Riitta Tokola, Russell E. Poland, Alessandro Guidotti, Charles Nemeroff, Garth Bissette, Konstantine Kalogeras, Sirkka Liisa Karonen, Markku Linnoila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

201 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Based on clinical observations in a series of studies on Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, we asserted that the impulsive offenders represented an extreme group of type 2 alcoholics. We also observed that these subjects were vulnerable to hypoglycemia after the administration of oral glucose load. Furthermore, we believe that while being hypoglycemic, the impulsive offenders are particularly irritable and aggressive. In the present study, we addressed these issues by studying psychological trait and state variables in a new group of violent offenders and fire setters, and age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Methods: Fifty-eight alcoholic, violent offenders and impulsive fire setters and 21 healthy volunteers were administered the Karolinska scales of personality and the Rosenzweig picture frustration test after an oral aspartame and glucose challenge. Results: The psychological test results and the criminal histories of the offenders, together with biochemical measurements, suggest that a low 5-hydroxy- indoleacetic acid concentration in cerebrospinal fluid in the alcoholic offenders is associated with irritability and impaired impulse control, and a high free testosterone concentration in cerebrospinal fluid is associated with increased aggressiveness, monotony avoidance, sensation seeking, suspiciousness, and reduced socialization. Conclusion: Finnish alcoholic, impulsive offenders have personality profiles characteristic of Scandinavian early-onset male alcoholics with antisocial traits, who have been also referred to as type 2 alcoholics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume51
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Personality
Healthy Volunteers
Alcoholics
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Aspartame
Glucose
Psychological Tests
Frustration
Socialization
Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemic Agents
Oral Administration
Testosterone
Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Virkkunen, M., Kallio, E., Rawilings, R., Tokola, R., Poland, R. E., Guidotti, A., ... Linnoila, M. (1994). Personality profiles and state aggressiveness in Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, fire setters, and healthy volunteers. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51(1), 28-33.

Personality profiles and state aggressiveness in Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, fire setters, and healthy volunteers. / Virkkunen, Matti; Kallio, Eila; Rawilings, Robert; Tokola, Riitta; Poland, Russell E.; Guidotti, Alessandro; Nemeroff, Charles; Bissette, Garth; Kalogeras, Konstantine; Karonen, Sirkka Liisa; Linnoila, Markku.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 51, No. 1, 01.01.1994, p. 28-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Virkkunen, M, Kallio, E, Rawilings, R, Tokola, R, Poland, RE, Guidotti, A, Nemeroff, C, Bissette, G, Kalogeras, K, Karonen, SL & Linnoila, M 1994, 'Personality profiles and state aggressiveness in Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, fire setters, and healthy volunteers', Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 28-33.
Virkkunen M, Kallio E, Rawilings R, Tokola R, Poland RE, Guidotti A et al. Personality profiles and state aggressiveness in Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, fire setters, and healthy volunteers. Archives of General Psychiatry. 1994 Jan 1;51(1):28-33.
Virkkunen, Matti ; Kallio, Eila ; Rawilings, Robert ; Tokola, Riitta ; Poland, Russell E. ; Guidotti, Alessandro ; Nemeroff, Charles ; Bissette, Garth ; Kalogeras, Konstantine ; Karonen, Sirkka Liisa ; Linnoila, Markku. / Personality profiles and state aggressiveness in Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, fire setters, and healthy volunteers. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 1994 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 28-33.
@article{64b4d5c4b1b642789d82c5359ebbbbe6,
title = "Personality profiles and state aggressiveness in Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, fire setters, and healthy volunteers",
abstract = "Background: Based on clinical observations in a series of studies on Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, we asserted that the impulsive offenders represented an extreme group of type 2 alcoholics. We also observed that these subjects were vulnerable to hypoglycemia after the administration of oral glucose load. Furthermore, we believe that while being hypoglycemic, the impulsive offenders are particularly irritable and aggressive. In the present study, we addressed these issues by studying psychological trait and state variables in a new group of violent offenders and fire setters, and age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Methods: Fifty-eight alcoholic, violent offenders and impulsive fire setters and 21 healthy volunteers were administered the Karolinska scales of personality and the Rosenzweig picture frustration test after an oral aspartame and glucose challenge. Results: The psychological test results and the criminal histories of the offenders, together with biochemical measurements, suggest that a low 5-hydroxy- indoleacetic acid concentration in cerebrospinal fluid in the alcoholic offenders is associated with irritability and impaired impulse control, and a high free testosterone concentration in cerebrospinal fluid is associated with increased aggressiveness, monotony avoidance, sensation seeking, suspiciousness, and reduced socialization. Conclusion: Finnish alcoholic, impulsive offenders have personality profiles characteristic of Scandinavian early-onset male alcoholics with antisocial traits, who have been also referred to as type 2 alcoholics.",
author = "Matti Virkkunen and Eila Kallio and Robert Rawilings and Riitta Tokola and Poland, {Russell E.} and Alessandro Guidotti and Charles Nemeroff and Garth Bissette and Konstantine Kalogeras and Karonen, {Sirkka Liisa} and Markku Linnoila",
year = "1994",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "28--33",
journal = "JAMA Psychiatry",
issn = "2168-622X",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality profiles and state aggressiveness in Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, fire setters, and healthy volunteers

AU - Virkkunen, Matti

AU - Kallio, Eila

AU - Rawilings, Robert

AU - Tokola, Riitta

AU - Poland, Russell E.

AU - Guidotti, Alessandro

AU - Nemeroff, Charles

AU - Bissette, Garth

AU - Kalogeras, Konstantine

AU - Karonen, Sirkka Liisa

AU - Linnoila, Markku

PY - 1994/1/1

Y1 - 1994/1/1

N2 - Background: Based on clinical observations in a series of studies on Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, we asserted that the impulsive offenders represented an extreme group of type 2 alcoholics. We also observed that these subjects were vulnerable to hypoglycemia after the administration of oral glucose load. Furthermore, we believe that while being hypoglycemic, the impulsive offenders are particularly irritable and aggressive. In the present study, we addressed these issues by studying psychological trait and state variables in a new group of violent offenders and fire setters, and age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Methods: Fifty-eight alcoholic, violent offenders and impulsive fire setters and 21 healthy volunteers were administered the Karolinska scales of personality and the Rosenzweig picture frustration test after an oral aspartame and glucose challenge. Results: The psychological test results and the criminal histories of the offenders, together with biochemical measurements, suggest that a low 5-hydroxy- indoleacetic acid concentration in cerebrospinal fluid in the alcoholic offenders is associated with irritability and impaired impulse control, and a high free testosterone concentration in cerebrospinal fluid is associated with increased aggressiveness, monotony avoidance, sensation seeking, suspiciousness, and reduced socialization. Conclusion: Finnish alcoholic, impulsive offenders have personality profiles characteristic of Scandinavian early-onset male alcoholics with antisocial traits, who have been also referred to as type 2 alcoholics.

AB - Background: Based on clinical observations in a series of studies on Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, we asserted that the impulsive offenders represented an extreme group of type 2 alcoholics. We also observed that these subjects were vulnerable to hypoglycemia after the administration of oral glucose load. Furthermore, we believe that while being hypoglycemic, the impulsive offenders are particularly irritable and aggressive. In the present study, we addressed these issues by studying psychological trait and state variables in a new group of violent offenders and fire setters, and age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Methods: Fifty-eight alcoholic, violent offenders and impulsive fire setters and 21 healthy volunteers were administered the Karolinska scales of personality and the Rosenzweig picture frustration test after an oral aspartame and glucose challenge. Results: The psychological test results and the criminal histories of the offenders, together with biochemical measurements, suggest that a low 5-hydroxy- indoleacetic acid concentration in cerebrospinal fluid in the alcoholic offenders is associated with irritability and impaired impulse control, and a high free testosterone concentration in cerebrospinal fluid is associated with increased aggressiveness, monotony avoidance, sensation seeking, suspiciousness, and reduced socialization. Conclusion: Finnish alcoholic, impulsive offenders have personality profiles characteristic of Scandinavian early-onset male alcoholics with antisocial traits, who have been also referred to as type 2 alcoholics.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028128034&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028128034&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 7506516

AN - SCOPUS:0028128034

VL - 51

SP - 28

EP - 33

JO - JAMA Psychiatry

JF - JAMA Psychiatry

SN - 2168-622X

IS - 1

ER -