Personality Profiles and State Aggressiveness in Finnish Alcoholic, Violent Offenders, Fire Setters, and Healthy Volunteers

Matti Virkkunen, Eila Kallio, Robert Rawlings, Riitta Tokola, Russell E. Poland, Alessandro Guidotti, Charles Nemeroff, Garth Bissette, Konstantine Kalogeras, Sirkka Liisa Karonen, Markku Linnoila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

203 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Based on clinical observations in a series of studies on Finnish alcoholic, violent offenders, we asserted that the impulsive offenders represented an extreme group of type 2 alcoholics. We also observed that these subjects were vulnerable to hypoglycemia after the administration of oral glucose load. Furthermore, we believe that while being hypoglycemic, the impulsive offenders are particularly irritable and aggressive. In the present study, we addressed these issues by studying psychological trait and state variables in a new group of violent offenders and fire setters, and age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Methods: Fifty-eight alcoholic, violent offenders and impulsive fire setters and 21 healthy volunteers were administered the Karolinska scales of personality and the Rosenzweig picture frustration test after an oral aspartame and glucose challenge. Results: The psychological test results and the criminal histories of the offenders, together with biochemical measurements, suggest that a low 5-hydroxy- indoleacetic acid concentration in cerebrospinal fluid in the alcoholic offenders is associated with irritability and impaired impulse control, and a high free testosterone concentration in cerebrospinal fluid is associated with increased aggressiveness, monotony avoidance, sensation seeking, suspiciousness, and reduced socialization. Conclusion: Finnish alcoholic, impulsive offenders have personality profiles characteristic of Scandinavian early-onset male alcoholics with antisocial traits, who have been also referred to as type 2 alcoholics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Personality Profiles and State Aggressiveness in Finnish Alcoholic, Violent Offenders, Fire Setters, and Healthy Volunteers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Virkkunen, M., Kallio, E., Rawlings, R., Tokola, R., Poland, R. E., Guidotti, A., Nemeroff, C., Bissette, G., Kalogeras, K., Karonen, S. L., & Linnoila, M. (1994). Personality Profiles and State Aggressiveness in Finnish Alcoholic, Violent Offenders, Fire Setters, and Healthy Volunteers. Archives of General Psychiatry, 51(1), 28-33. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1994.03950010028004