Personality, behavior, family environment, family social status and hypertension risk factors in children. The Minneapolis Children's Blood Pressure Study

Richard F. Gillum, Ronald J. Prineas, Orlando W Gomez-Marin, Stephen Finn, Pi Nian Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess the relationship of psychosocial variables to risk factors for hypertension in children, we administered instruments designed to measure aspects of children's personality, behavior, family environment and family social status to 1505 school children aged 7-10 years. Children's blood pressure was significantly related only to mother's occupation, the children of unskilled employees having higher blood pressures than children of higher status workers. Children's body mass index was directly related to scores on the conformity scale of the personality inventory and inversely related to scores on the intellectual-cultural orientation scale of the family environment instrument and to social class. Social status but not measured dimensions of children's personality, behavior and family environment may influence the risk of hypertension in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-194
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chronic Diseases
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Social Environment
Personality
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Child Behavior
Personality Inventory
Occupations
Social Class
Body Mass Index
Mothers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Personality, behavior, family environment, family social status and hypertension risk factors in children. The Minneapolis Children's Blood Pressure Study. / Gillum, Richard F.; Prineas, Ronald J.; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W; Finn, Stephen; Chang, Pi Nian.

In: Journal of Chronic Diseases, Vol. 38, No. 2, 29.05.1985, p. 187-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gillum, Richard F. ; Prineas, Ronald J. ; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W ; Finn, Stephen ; Chang, Pi Nian. / Personality, behavior, family environment, family social status and hypertension risk factors in children. The Minneapolis Children's Blood Pressure Study. In: Journal of Chronic Diseases. 1985 ; Vol. 38, No. 2. pp. 187-194.
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