Personality and coping

Charles S Carver, Jennifer Connor-Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

771 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Personality psychology addresses views of human nature and individual differences. Biological and goal-based views of human nature provide an especially useful basis for construing coping; the five-factor model of traits adds a useful set of individual differences. Coping-responses to adversity and to the distress that results-is categorized in many ways. Meta-analyses link optimism, extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness to more engagement coping; neuroticism to more disengagement coping; and optimism, conscientiousness, and agreeableness to less disengagement coping. Relations of traits to specific coping responses reveal a more nuanced picture. Several moderators of these associations also emerge: age, stressor severity, and temporal proximity between the coping activity and the coping report. Personality and coping play both independent and interactive roles in influencing physical and mental health. Recommendations are presented for ways future research can expand on the growing understanding of how personality and coping shape adjustment to stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-704
Number of pages26
JournalAnnual Review of Psychology
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2010

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Personality
Individuality
Social Adjustment
Meta-Analysis
Mental Health
Psychology
Optimism
Neuroticism
Extraversion (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Effortful control
  • Five-factor model
  • Goal pursuit
  • Optimism
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Personality and coping. / Carver, Charles S; Connor-Smith, Jennifer.

In: Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 61, 10.01.2010, p. 679-704.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carver, Charles S ; Connor-Smith, Jennifer. / Personality and coping. In: Annual Review of Psychology. 2010 ; Vol. 61. pp. 679-704.
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