We investigated the severity and duration of hyperlipidemia in 59 nephrotic children during relapse and remission. Serum total cholesterol and triglyceride values were≥95th percentile for age and sex in all patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome in relapse and in patients with non-MCNS and persistent proteinuria. Most of these patients also had a significant elevation of low- and very-low-density lipoproteins. A significant number of children with MCNS during prolonged remission had elevated serum concentrations of total cholesterol (46%), triglycerides (42%), LDL (29%), and VLDL (40%). Persistence and severity of lipid changes correlated well with duration of disease and frequency of relapses. Significantly decreased HDL and HDL/LDL were found in patients with non-MCNS and persistent proteinuria. Our results suggest that nephrotic children may have prolonged periods of hyperlipidemia even after clinical remission. In addition, some of these children with significantly decreased HDL/LDL may be at increased risk of developing premature atherosclerosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health