Persistence in three-species food chain models with group defense

Shigui Ruan, H. I. Freedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Gause-type models of a three-species food web with group defense are analyzed. Persistence criteria are derived for both the case of no mutual interference and the case when there is mutual interference of predators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-125
Number of pages15
JournalMathematical Biosciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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