Purpose: To report wide-field fluorescein angiography findings in the peripheral retina of eyes with childhood glaucoma. Methods: Fluorescein angiograms were examined retrospectively in 12 patients with childhood glaucoma who underwent wide-field fluorescein angiography after surgical or medical treatment of glaucoma. This series included 12 eyes of 6 patients with primary congenital glaucoma, 5 eyes of 3 patients with glaucoma associated with congenital cataract surgery, 4 eyes of 2 patients with glaucoma associated with a systemic condition, and 1 eye of 1 patient with phakomatosis pigmentovascularis Type II. RetCam fundus photography images and digital fluorescein angiography were performed under general anesthesia. Results: The most common finding observed in our series was peripheral retinal nonperfusion, which affected 20 eyes (91%). Other notable features seen were circumferential branching of the retinal vessels parallel to the ora serrata (77%), venous shunts (50%), and abnormal capillary branching patterns, including capillary dilatation (41%) and tortuous capillary tangles (18%). Leakage at the junction of vascular and avascular retina was not commonly seen (13.6%). None of the eyes had evidence of retinal neovascularization or fibrovascular proliferation. Conclusion: Retinal vascular abnormalities and peripheral nonperfusion are novel findings in childhood glaucoma. Further studies are needed to understand the significance and possible long-term consequences of these findings.
- childhood glaucoma
- peripheral retinal vascular nonperfusion
- retinal vascular abnormalities
ASJC Scopus subject areas