Peripheral Neuropathies

Mario da Cunha Saporta, Michael E. Shy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disorders affecting the peripheral nerves are a common neurological problem. Peripheral neuropathies can be primary entities or a manifestation of several systemic illnesses, including diabetes, infections, vasculitis, neoplastic disorders, and vitamin deficiencies, or the consequence of toxins. In as many as 30% of patients the mechanism responsible for the peripheral neuropathy remains elusive. From a biological standpoint, peripheral neuropathies are the clinical manifestation of dysfunction of peripheral axons and/or the Schwann cells that ensheathe them. Therefore, research in peripheral neuropathies has focused on understanding how peripheral axons (motor, sensory, and autonomic) develop and are maintained, and how and why Schwann cells myelinate these axons. This chapter reviews the basic morphology and physiology of peripheral nerves, focusing on the peripheral axon and the myelin sheath, and describes the main conditions affecting these structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeurobiology of Brain Disorders
Subtitle of host publicationBiological Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages167-188
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780123982803
ISBN (Print)9780123982704
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Acquired neuropathy
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Neurobiology
  • Peripheral axon
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Schwann cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

da Cunha Saporta, M., & Shy, M. E. (2014). Peripheral Neuropathies. In Neurobiology of Brain Disorders: Biological Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders (pp. 167-188). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-398270-4.00012-4