Perioperative risk factors associated with delayed graft function following deceased donor kidney transplantation: A retrospective, single center study

Nicholas V. Mendez, Yehuda Raveh, Joshua J. Livingstone, Vadim B. Shatz, Fouad G. Souki, Ramona Nicolau-Raducu, Gaetano Ciancio, George W. Burke, Linda J. Chen, Mahmoud Morsi, Jose M. Figueiro, Tony M. Ibrahim, Werviston L. DeFaria, Giselle Guerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND There is an abundant need to increase the availability of deceased donor kidney transplantation (DDKT) to address the high incidence of kidney failure. Challenges exist in the utilization of higher risk donor organs into what appears to be increasingly complex recipients; thus the identification of modifiable risk factors associated with poor outcomes is paramount. AIM To identify risk factors associated with delayed graft function (DGF). METHODS Consecutive adults undergoing DDKT between January 2016 and July 2017 were identified with a study population of 294 patients. The primary outcome was the occurrence of DGF. RESULTS The incidence of DGF was 27%. Under logistic regression, eight independent risk factors for DGF were identified including recipient body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2, baseline mean arterial pressure < 110 mmHg, intraoperative phenylephrine administration, cold storage time ≥ 16 h, donation after cardiac death, donor history of coronary artery disease, donor terminal creatinine ≥ 1.9 mg/dL, and a hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) pump resistance ≥ 0.23 mmHg/mL/min. CONCLUSION We delineate the association between DGF and recipient characteristics of preinduction mean arterial pressure below 110 mmHg, metabolic syndrome, donorspecific risk factors, HMP pump parameters, and intraoperative use of phenylephrine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-128
Number of pages15
JournalWorld Journal of Transplantation
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Delayed graft function
  • Kidney transplant
  • Mean arterial pressure
  • Outcome
  • Phenylephrine
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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