Study Objective: To determine if practicing anesthesiologists recommend preoperative evaluations consistent with the 2007 ACC/AHA guidelines on perioperative care. Design: Survey instrument. Setting: Academic medical center. Subjects: ASA membership. Measurements: In this Web-based survey, participants were presented with 6 clinical scenarios characterized by surgical procedure and the patient's clinical condition (ie, clinical risk factors and functional capacity). Scenarios and possible recommendations were presented randomly. Participants were asked to select the recommendation they considered to be most consistent with the Guidelines. The percentage of participants selecting the recommendation most consistent with the 2007 Guidelines was recorded. Main Results: Of the 22,504 actively practicing members of the ASA who were sent a survey, 1,595 actively practicing self-selected anesthesiologists responded. For one of 6 scenarios, patients with an active cardiac condition, the upper 95% confidence bound for the percent selecting a recommendation consistent with the Guidelines was 82%. For the remaining 5 scenarios, the upper 95% confidence bound for the percent of anesthesiologists with an appropriate recommendation did not exceed 40%. With the exception of the scenario describing a patient with an active cardiac condition, respondents were more likely to provide recommendations consistent with the Guidelines if they had been in practice less than 5 years or worked in a teaching environment. Conclusion: When evaluating simulated patients, practicing anesthesiologists who are ASA members did not recommend preoperative evaluations that were consistent with the 2007 ACC/AHA Guidelines.
- Cost-effective care
- Guideline adherence
- Preoperative evaluation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine