Pericytoma with t(7;12) and ACTB-GLI1 Fusion: Reevaluation of an Unusual Entity and its Relationship to the Spectrum of GLI1 Fusion-related Neoplasms

Darcy A. Kerr, Andre Pinto, Ty K. Subhawong, Breelyn A. Wilky, Matthew P. Schlumbrecht, Cristina R. Antonescu, G. Petur Nielsen, Andrew E. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The entity "pericytoma with t(7;12)" was described as a rare, distinct perivascular myoid neoplasm provisionally classified within the family of myopericytic tumors that demonstrates t(7;12)(p22;q13) translocation with resultant ACTB-GLI1 fusion and biologically was felt to behave in an indolent fashion. However, a recent study showed that tumors with this and similar translocations may have variable morphology and immunohistochemical phenotype with inconsistent myopericytic characteristics and a propensity for metastasis, raising questions regarding the most appropriate classification of these neoplasms. Herein, we report 3 additional patients with tumors harboring t(7;12) and ACTB-GLI1 fusion. The tumors arose in adults and involved the proximal tibia and adjacent soft tissues, scapula and adjacent soft tissues, and ovary. All tumors were composed of round-to-ovoid cells with a richly vascularized stroma with many small, delicate, branching blood vessels, where the neoplastic cells were frequently arranged in a perivascular distribution. Both tumors involving bone showed histologic features of malignancy. By immunohistochemistry, all tested tumors were at least focally positive for smooth muscle actin (3/3) and CD99 (patchy) (2/2), with variable staining for muscle-specific actin (2/3), S100 protein (1/3), epithelial membrane antigen (2/3), and pan-keratin (1/3); all were negative for desmin and WT1 (0/3). The 2 patients with bone tumors developed metastases (27 and 84 mo after diagnosis). Whether these tumors are best classified as malignant myopericytoma variants or an emerging translocation-associated sarcoma of uncertain differentiation remains to be fully clarified; however, our study further documents the potential for these tumors to behave in an aggressive fashion, sometimes over a prolonged clinical course.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1682-1692
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgical Pathology
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • ACTB
  • GLI1
  • myopericytoma
  • pericytoma
  • sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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