Perianesthetic Management of Laparoscopic Kidney Surgery

Georges Nasrallah, Fouad Souki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Laparoscopic kidney surgery is commonly used for living donor, partial, and total tumor nephrectomy. The successful emergence of laparoscopic technique was justified by the many benefits offered such as reduced blood loss, tissue trauma, pain, and hospital stay. However, this comes at the expense of physiologic changes and complications secondary to pneumoperitoneum, surgical technique, and patient positioning with significant challenges in anesthetic management. Recent Findings: A variety of laparoscopic approaches (transperitoneal, retroperitoneal, hand-assisted, robotic) are used with some having advantages over others. The kidneys are particularly sensitive to hemodynamic changes and pneumoperitoneum. Controversies in perioperative fluid administration exist. New modalities for postoperative pain control have been suggested. Summary: Laparoscopic kidney surgery is associated with multiple physiologic changes and adverse events but offers advantages of reduced postoperative pain, faster recovery, and shorter hospital stay. Understanding these physiologic changes and related anesthetic considerations is key for safe patient outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1
JournalCurrent Urology Reports
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Donor nephrectomy
  • Laparoscopy anesthesia
  • Laparoscopy complications
  • Partial nephrectomy
  • Pneumoperitoneum: physiological effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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