Performance modeling of PEM fuel cell operated on reformate

Tianhong Zhou, Hongtan Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A three-dimensional mathematical model of PEM fuel cell operated on reformate is developed based on our previous established fuel cell model (Zhou and Liu, 2001), by incorporating the adsorption and oxidation kinetics of CO on platinum surface proposed by Springer et al (1997, 2001). This model is capable of studying the effect of CO poisoning as well as the hydrogen dilution effect by inert gases. The adsorption and oxidation kinetics of CO on platinum surface are incorporated in the source terms of the species equations, thus basic form of the mathematical equations are the same as those used for PEM fuel cell operated on pure hydrogen. With this model, we can obtain detailed information on the CO poisoning and variation of CO and hydrogen concentrations inside the anode. The modeling results from this 3D model revealed many new phenomena that cannot be obtained from previous 1D or 2D models. The model can be used to provide guidance for anode design optimizations. In the paper, results of the effects of various operating and design parameters, such as anode flow rate, gas diffuser porosity, gas diffuser thickness, and the width of the collector plate shoulder, are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
EditorsR.K. Shah, S.G. Kandlikar
Pages233-240
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003
EventFirst International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology - Rochester, NY, United States
Duration: Apr 21 2003Apr 23 2003

Other

OtherFirst International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
CountryUnited States
CityRochester, NY
Period4/21/034/23/03

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Diffusers (fluid)
Anodes
Hydrogen
Platinum
Adsorption
Oxidation
Kinetics
Electronic guidance systems
Inert gases
Gases
Dilution
Porosity
Flow rate
Mathematical models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Zhou, T., & Liu, H. (2003). Performance modeling of PEM fuel cell operated on reformate. In R. K. Shah, & S. G. Kandlikar (Eds.), Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology (pp. 233-240)

Performance modeling of PEM fuel cell operated on reformate. / Zhou, Tianhong; Liu, Hongtan.

Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. ed. / R.K. Shah; S.G. Kandlikar. 2003. p. 233-240.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zhou, T & Liu, H 2003, Performance modeling of PEM fuel cell operated on reformate. in RK Shah & SG Kandlikar (eds), Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. pp. 233-240, First International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, Rochester, NY, United States, 4/21/03.
Zhou T, Liu H. Performance modeling of PEM fuel cell operated on reformate. In Shah RK, Kandlikar SG, editors, Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. 2003. p. 233-240
Zhou, Tianhong ; Liu, Hongtan. / Performance modeling of PEM fuel cell operated on reformate. Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology. editor / R.K. Shah ; S.G. Kandlikar. 2003. pp. 233-240
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