This case report documents a perforation of the terminal ileum in a 40-year-old white male homosexual with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The perforation occurred at a site that had severe cytomegalovirus infection and was in close proximity to multiple nodules of Kaposi's sarcoma. The ileum showed multiple deep ulcers with large numbers of cytomegalovirus inclusions and vasculitis with infected endothelial cells, small-vessel thrombosis, focal disruption, and hemorrhage. We review the evidence that cytomegalovirus infection-and not Kaposi's sarcoma-was responsible for this perforation and, in light of the new medical therapy for such infections, should be regarded as an important cause of gastrointestinal perforation in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 1987|
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