Perceptions and attitudes regarding marine reserves

A comparison of stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary

Daniel O Suman, Manoj Shivlani, J. Walter Milon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) developed a zoning plan as part of its overall management plan, fully implemented as of 1997. The plan created several closed areas or harvest refugia in which consumptive activities are prohibited. This research reports results of surveys that we conducted with members of three stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys: commercial fishers, dive operators, and members of local environmental groups. Surveys requested responses regarding the information sources individuals tapped when learning of the zoning plan and the FKNMS; their degree of public participation; their perceptions and acceptance of the zoning strategy and the process of its design; and the expected outcomes of the zoning strategy. Many responses show significant differences among the three groups. Fishers felt highly alienated from the process of zone designation and displayed a sense of anger and powerlessness with respect to what they considered to be an attempt to exclude their group from the harvest refugia. Dive operators demonstrated the highest levels of participation in the designation process, but were concerned that refugia regulations could limit their activities in the future. Members of environmental groups were the strongest supporters of the harvest refugia concept and the FKNMS. This research suggests numerous ways in which marine resource managers could improve their public outreach and information dissemination strategies when developing future harvest refugia and marine protected areas. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1040
Number of pages22
JournalOcean and Coastal Management
Volume42
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

Fingerprint

Zoning
marine park
refugium
refuge habitats
zoning
stakeholders
stakeholder
Information dissemination
information dissemination
outreach
marine resources
marine resource
information sources
Managers
protected area
conservation areas
managers
learning
comparison
harvest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Perceptions and attitudes regarding marine reserves : A comparison of stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. / Suman, Daniel O; Shivlani, Manoj; Walter Milon, J.

In: Ocean and Coastal Management, Vol. 42, No. 12, 12.1999, p. 1019-1040.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{79a3882e33bc4b86b2c2cab5ff001189,
title = "Perceptions and attitudes regarding marine reserves: A comparison of stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary",
abstract = "The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) developed a zoning plan as part of its overall management plan, fully implemented as of 1997. The plan created several closed areas or harvest refugia in which consumptive activities are prohibited. This research reports results of surveys that we conducted with members of three stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys: commercial fishers, dive operators, and members of local environmental groups. Surveys requested responses regarding the information sources individuals tapped when learning of the zoning plan and the FKNMS; their degree of public participation; their perceptions and acceptance of the zoning strategy and the process of its design; and the expected outcomes of the zoning strategy. Many responses show significant differences among the three groups. Fishers felt highly alienated from the process of zone designation and displayed a sense of anger and powerlessness with respect to what they considered to be an attempt to exclude their group from the harvest refugia. Dive operators demonstrated the highest levels of participation in the designation process, but were concerned that refugia regulations could limit their activities in the future. Members of environmental groups were the strongest supporters of the harvest refugia concept and the FKNMS. This research suggests numerous ways in which marine resource managers could improve their public outreach and information dissemination strategies when developing future harvest refugia and marine protected areas. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.",
author = "Suman, {Daniel O} and Manoj Shivlani and {Walter Milon}, J.",
year = "1999",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/S0964-5691(99)00062-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "1019--1040",
journal = "Ocean and Coastal Management",
issn = "0964-5691",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceptions and attitudes regarding marine reserves

T2 - A comparison of stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary

AU - Suman, Daniel O

AU - Shivlani, Manoj

AU - Walter Milon, J.

PY - 1999/12

Y1 - 1999/12

N2 - The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) developed a zoning plan as part of its overall management plan, fully implemented as of 1997. The plan created several closed areas or harvest refugia in which consumptive activities are prohibited. This research reports results of surveys that we conducted with members of three stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys: commercial fishers, dive operators, and members of local environmental groups. Surveys requested responses regarding the information sources individuals tapped when learning of the zoning plan and the FKNMS; their degree of public participation; their perceptions and acceptance of the zoning strategy and the process of its design; and the expected outcomes of the zoning strategy. Many responses show significant differences among the three groups. Fishers felt highly alienated from the process of zone designation and displayed a sense of anger and powerlessness with respect to what they considered to be an attempt to exclude their group from the harvest refugia. Dive operators demonstrated the highest levels of participation in the designation process, but were concerned that refugia regulations could limit their activities in the future. Members of environmental groups were the strongest supporters of the harvest refugia concept and the FKNMS. This research suggests numerous ways in which marine resource managers could improve their public outreach and information dissemination strategies when developing future harvest refugia and marine protected areas. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

AB - The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) developed a zoning plan as part of its overall management plan, fully implemented as of 1997. The plan created several closed areas or harvest refugia in which consumptive activities are prohibited. This research reports results of surveys that we conducted with members of three stakeholder groups in the Florida Keys: commercial fishers, dive operators, and members of local environmental groups. Surveys requested responses regarding the information sources individuals tapped when learning of the zoning plan and the FKNMS; their degree of public participation; their perceptions and acceptance of the zoning strategy and the process of its design; and the expected outcomes of the zoning strategy. Many responses show significant differences among the three groups. Fishers felt highly alienated from the process of zone designation and displayed a sense of anger and powerlessness with respect to what they considered to be an attempt to exclude their group from the harvest refugia. Dive operators demonstrated the highest levels of participation in the designation process, but were concerned that refugia regulations could limit their activities in the future. Members of environmental groups were the strongest supporters of the harvest refugia concept and the FKNMS. This research suggests numerous ways in which marine resource managers could improve their public outreach and information dissemination strategies when developing future harvest refugia and marine protected areas. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033237286&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033237286&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0964-5691(99)00062-9

DO - 10.1016/S0964-5691(99)00062-9

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 1019

EP - 1040

JO - Ocean and Coastal Management

JF - Ocean and Coastal Management

SN - 0964-5691

IS - 12

ER -