Perceived stress is associated with CD4+ cell decline in men and women living with HIV/AIDS in Spain

E. Remor, F. J. Penedo, B. J. Shen, Neil Schneiderman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations


This study assessed whether perceived stress as measured by the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) was associated with a decline in CD4+ cell counts over a six-month period in 59 men and 41 women living with HIV-1. Participants underwent psychological and medical assessment at the study entry (baseline) and again at six months post-baseline. In a hierarchical regression model controlling for sociodemographic (e.g. age, gender, education, income) and disease-related variables (e.g. duration of antiretroviral treatment, antiretroviral treatment and adherence, CD4+ cell count and viral load), perceived stress was associated with the decline in CD4+ cell count over the six-month period. These findings suggest perceived psychosocial stress is associated with CD4+ cell count decline independent of sociodemographic factors and disease status among men and women on antiretroviral medication for HIV/AIDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-219
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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