The concentration of peptide YY (PYY)-like immunoreactivity in rat brain and spinal cord was determined by radioimmunoassay. The highest concentrations were found in the cervical spinal cord (18.1 ± 1.3 ng/g, mean ±S.E.M.) and in the medulla oblongata (16.3 ± 1.5 ng/g). Lower amounts were found in the pons and in the hypothalamus. Chromatographic analysis of the PYY-like immunoreactivity from various regions of the brain revealed 95% of the immunoreactive material to be indistinguishable from synthetic porcine PYY. PYY-immunoreactive nerve cell bodies could be demonstrated by immunocytochemistry in the medulla oblongata of colchicine-treated rats, the largest group of cells being found in the midline area between and partly in the raphe pontis and obscurus nuclei. Another large group of immunoreactive cells was detected more laterally in the medial parts of the gigantocellular reticular nucleus. A few cells, finally, were seen in the dorsal parts of the medulla, including the nucleus of the solitary tract. Varicose nerve fibers displaying PYY immunoreactivity were observed in many parts of the hypothalamus, pons, medulla and spinal cord.
- high-performance liquid chromatography
- peptide YY
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