Pegylated Interferon Mono-Therapy of Chronic Hepatitis C in the Dialysis Population: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Fabrizio Fabrizi, Vivek Dixit, Piergiorgio Messa, Paul Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The medical literature on mono-therapy with pegylated interferon for chronic hepatitis C in dialysis patients is mostly based on small clinical studies and the efficacy and safety of such approach is still unclear. A systematic review of the literature with a meta-analysis of clinical studies was performed in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mono-therapy with pegylated interferon of chronic hepatitis C in patients on regular dialysis. The primary outcome was sustained viral response (as a measure of efficacy); the secondary outcome was drop-out rate (as a measure of tolerability). The random-effects model of Der Simonian and Laird was used, with heterogeneity and sensitivity analyses. Twenty-four clinical studies (N=744 unique patients) were retrieved; five (21%) being randomized controlled trials. The summary estimate for sustained viral response and drop-out rate was 0.40 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.35; 0.46) and 0.14 (95% CI, 0.09; 0.20), respectively. The most frequent side-effects requiring discontinuation of treatment were hematological (31/83=37%) and gastrointestinal (9/31=10.8%). Meta-regression analysis showed a detrimental role of ageing on the frequency of sustained virological response (P=0.01); drop-out rate was greater in diabetics (P<0.005). Important heterogeneity was seen with regard to drop-out rate only. In summary, pegylated interferon monotherapy of hepatitis C in dialysis patients resulted unsatisfactory in terms of efficacy and safety. Studies with novel direct-acting antiviral agents in combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for the treatment of hepatitis C virus in dialysis population are under way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-621
Number of pages11
JournalTherapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Dialysis
  • Drop-out
  • Hepatitis C
  • Pegylated interferon
  • Virological response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

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