Peer support and interpersonal psychotherapy groups experienced decreased prenatal depression, anxiety and cortisol

Tiffany M Field, Miguel A Diego, Jeannette Delgado, Lissette Medina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forty-four prenatally depressed women were randomly assigned to peer support or interpersonal psychotherapy groups at 22. weeks gestation. The peer support group participated in a 20-minute group session once per week for 12. weeks, and the interpersonal psychotherapy group met for one hour per week for 12. weeks. Assessments were conducted before and after the sessions at 22 and 34. weeks gestation. Despite the peer support group having lower socioeconomic status and higher depression scores at the beginning of the treatment period and having shorter group sessions, both groups had lower summary depression (CES-D) scores and lower anxiety (STAI) scores by the end of the treatment period. In addition, cortisol levels decreased for both groups after the last day session, although the decrease was greater for the peer support group. The groups did not differ on neonatal outcomes including gestational age and birthweight. These data suggest that peer support group sessions may be a cost-effective form of treatment for prenatal depression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)621-624
Number of pages4
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume89
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

Fingerprint

Peer Group
Self-Help Groups
Group Psychotherapy
Hydrocortisone
Anxiety
Depression
Pregnancy
Social Class
Gestational Age
Therapeutics
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Cortisol
  • Prenatal depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Peer support and interpersonal psychotherapy groups experienced decreased prenatal depression, anxiety and cortisol. / Field, Tiffany M; Diego, Miguel A; Delgado, Jeannette; Medina, Lissette.

In: Early Human Development, Vol. 89, No. 9, 01.09.2013, p. 621-624.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{43c7efc2f60f475dbefb5e654d946ebb,
title = "Peer support and interpersonal psychotherapy groups experienced decreased prenatal depression, anxiety and cortisol",
abstract = "Forty-four prenatally depressed women were randomly assigned to peer support or interpersonal psychotherapy groups at 22. weeks gestation. The peer support group participated in a 20-minute group session once per week for 12. weeks, and the interpersonal psychotherapy group met for one hour per week for 12. weeks. Assessments were conducted before and after the sessions at 22 and 34. weeks gestation. Despite the peer support group having lower socioeconomic status and higher depression scores at the beginning of the treatment period and having shorter group sessions, both groups had lower summary depression (CES-D) scores and lower anxiety (STAI) scores by the end of the treatment period. In addition, cortisol levels decreased for both groups after the last day session, although the decrease was greater for the peer support group. The groups did not differ on neonatal outcomes including gestational age and birthweight. These data suggest that peer support group sessions may be a cost-effective form of treatment for prenatal depression.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Cortisol, Prenatal depression",
author = "Field, {Tiffany M} and Diego, {Miguel A} and Jeannette Delgado and Lissette Medina",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.04.006",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "621--624",
journal = "Early Human Development",
issn = "0378-3782",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Peer support and interpersonal psychotherapy groups experienced decreased prenatal depression, anxiety and cortisol

AU - Field, Tiffany M

AU - Diego, Miguel A

AU - Delgado, Jeannette

AU - Medina, Lissette

PY - 2013/9/1

Y1 - 2013/9/1

N2 - Forty-four prenatally depressed women were randomly assigned to peer support or interpersonal psychotherapy groups at 22. weeks gestation. The peer support group participated in a 20-minute group session once per week for 12. weeks, and the interpersonal psychotherapy group met for one hour per week for 12. weeks. Assessments were conducted before and after the sessions at 22 and 34. weeks gestation. Despite the peer support group having lower socioeconomic status and higher depression scores at the beginning of the treatment period and having shorter group sessions, both groups had lower summary depression (CES-D) scores and lower anxiety (STAI) scores by the end of the treatment period. In addition, cortisol levels decreased for both groups after the last day session, although the decrease was greater for the peer support group. The groups did not differ on neonatal outcomes including gestational age and birthweight. These data suggest that peer support group sessions may be a cost-effective form of treatment for prenatal depression.

AB - Forty-four prenatally depressed women were randomly assigned to peer support or interpersonal psychotherapy groups at 22. weeks gestation. The peer support group participated in a 20-minute group session once per week for 12. weeks, and the interpersonal psychotherapy group met for one hour per week for 12. weeks. Assessments were conducted before and after the sessions at 22 and 34. weeks gestation. Despite the peer support group having lower socioeconomic status and higher depression scores at the beginning of the treatment period and having shorter group sessions, both groups had lower summary depression (CES-D) scores and lower anxiety (STAI) scores by the end of the treatment period. In addition, cortisol levels decreased for both groups after the last day session, although the decrease was greater for the peer support group. The groups did not differ on neonatal outcomes including gestational age and birthweight. These data suggest that peer support group sessions may be a cost-effective form of treatment for prenatal depression.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Cortisol

KW - Prenatal depression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881374477&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881374477&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.04.006

DO - 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.04.006

M3 - Article

C2 - 23727060

AN - SCOPUS:84881374477

VL - 89

SP - 621

EP - 624

JO - Early Human Development

JF - Early Human Development

SN - 0378-3782

IS - 9

ER -