Pediatric residency education: Is sports medicine getting its fair share?

Rebecca A. Demorest, David T. Bernhardt, Thomas M. Best, Gregory L. Landry

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Introduction. Sports are the leading injury-related cause for pediatric primary care visits. Pediatric residency education guidelines suggest incorporating sports medicine (SM) education into curricula; however, research is lacking regarding effective teaching methods. Objective. To assess reported US pediatric residency SM curricula, teaching methods, and resident evaluation of SM education. Design/Methods. Chief residents (CRs) and third-year residents (PL3s) from 100 randomly selected US Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited residency programs, stratified by size and geographic location, received surveys regarding programs' SM curriculum and teaching methods and individuals' methods for learning SM. Results. Response rates were 63% and 39% for CRs and PL3s, respectively. According to CRs, 34% of programs had no one in charge of their SM curriculum. Lecture (77%) was the primary method used for teaching SM. Hands-on teaching (37%) was used less frequently. CRs stated that 29% of programs did not include musculoskeletal examination teaching in their curriculums; 24% did not include formal teaching of concussion management, and 29% did not include reasons for medical disqualification. PL3s rated teaching of joint examinations and the preparticipation physical as the most poorly taught components of the physical examination. PL3s rated hands-on teaching and patient experience as the best methods for improving SM education. CRs reported that only 36% of programs have discussed incorporating more SM into their curriculum. Conclusions. SM education is deficient in US pediatric residency programs. Standardized curricula should be developed with a focus on hands-on training as a means for teaching SM to pediatric residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-33
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Graduate medical education
  • Musculoskeletal
  • Orthopedics
  • Pediatric residency education
  • Sports medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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