Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has become the surgical procedure of choice for the treatment of chronic sinusitis that is refractory to medical treatment. It has become routine to perform endoscopy in children under general anesthesia 2 to 3 weeks after FESS to facilitate examination and cleaning of the operative site. We compared the clinical outcome of 50 children who underwent FESS without a second-look endoscopy with 50 children who underwent a routine second look. Patients with systemic disease (cystic fibrosis, immotile ciliary syndrome, immunoglobulin deficiency) or undergoing a revision procedure were excluded from the study. The results show that the postoperative improvement in nasal obstruction, nasal drainage, and chronic cough was the same for both groups. We conclude that in the vast majority of children without systemic disease and not undergoing a revision procedure, a second endoscopic procedure may not offer any apparent advantage.
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