Functional endonasal sinus surgery (FESS) is an effective treatment for chronic or recurrent sinusitis in children, most of whom have failed more conservative medical treatment. The endoscopes used in FESS allow direct visualization of the diseased tissue and restoration of physiologic mucociliary clearance, enabling the sinus mucosa to return to its normal condition after the procedure. For a period of 3 to 36 months, we followed the recovery of 210 children who underwent FESS between 1986 and 1989. The age range of the children at the time of the procedure was 14 months to 16 years. Eighty percent of these patients had improvement of their sinusitis. There were no major complications. Eight percent of the 210 children needed revision surgery. Pediatric FESS is a two-stage operation requiring follow-up nasal cleaning under general anesthesia. The most common findings during the second-stage endoscopy were adhesions and granulation formation.
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