Major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in children and adolescents, affecting up to 2 percent of children and 4 percent to 7 percent of adolescents in a given year (Costello et al., 2002). Pediatric depression negatively impacts mood, self-esteem, and daily functioning. For example, children may experience persistent sad mood, irritability, increased feelings of hopelessness, or disturbances in sleep and appetite (American Psychiatric Association, Association, 2013). The onset of MDD increases during adolescence, as compared to lower prevalence rates observed among younger children (Kessler, Avenevoli, & Ries Merikangas, 2001; Lewinsohn, Clarke, Seeley, & Rohde, 1994). Before reaching adulthood, approximately 20 percent of adolescents will have been diagnosed with MDD (Birmaher, Ryan, Williamson, Brent, & Kaufman, 1996; Birmaher, Ryan, Williamson, Brent, Kaufman, et al., 1996).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||From Symptom to Synapse|
|Subtitle of host publication||A Neurocognitive Perspective on Clinical Psychology|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||36|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas