Pazopanib in sarcomas: Expanding the PALETTE

Breelyn A. Wilky, Christian F. Meyer, Jonathan C. Trent

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After failure of standard therapy, few effective treatment options exist for adult patients with metastatic sarcomas, and median survival remains dismal at approximately 1 year. Pazopanib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has recently been approved for nonadipocytic soft tissue sarcomas refractory to chemotherapy. In this review, we will revisit the efficacy of pazopanib in sarcomas, and present a patient case that illustrates two of many unanswered questions: which sarcoma patients are most likely to benefit from pazopanib therapy, and what criteria are best suited to accurately detect benefit in clinical trials? RECENT FINDINGS: Pazopanib has been tested in sarcoma patients in a phase II and phase III study, and was shown to prolong progression-free survival by 3 months relative to placebo. Although histology has been the primary stratification variable for subgroup analysis in large sarcoma trials, the PALETTE study did not demonstrate superior response within histologic cohorts. Ongoing trials seek to explore efficacy of pazopanib in previously excluded histologies, as well as include correlative studies to identify histologic and molecular biomarkers to predict patients likely to benefit. SUMMARY: Pazopanib has been proven to provide modest benefit overall to nonadipocytic soft tissue sarcoma patients, but we have yet to identify the molecular basis for those patients who derive exceptional benefit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-378
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in oncology
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • biomarker
  • clinical trial
  • pazopanib
  • sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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