Background: In the United States, the prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and death rate has been greater in non-Hispanic black (NHB) men than in non-Hispanic white (NHW) men and slightly lower in Hispanic men than in NHW men. We compared the sociodemographic and baseline prognostic factors at the diagnosis of PCa in different races/ethnicities at a large, academic center serving an ethnically diverse population. Methods: The Montefiore Medical Center Cancer Registry was used to generate a comprehensive list of all patients with PCa diagnosed from 2004 to 2014. The clinical Looking Glass (a proprietary searchable database of patient information) and individual patient medical record review were used to obtain data, including age at diagnosis, socioeconomic status (SES), clinical Gleason score, clinical stage, and prostate-specific antigen level at diagnosis. The patients were classified by self-identified race/ethnicity as Hispanic, NHB, NHW, or other. The χ 2 test was used for categorical variables, and analysis of variance or the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for continuous variables. Results: We identified 2352 patients with newly diagnosed PCa during the study period, including 778 Hispanic, 1046 NHB, 486 NHW, and 42 other. The NHW men were significantly older at diagnosis (Hispanic, 63.2 years; NHB, 63.4 years; NHW, 67 years; other, 63.0 years; P <.0001). The mean SES for the Hispanic and NHB men was significantly lower (SES below average: Hispanic, 92.8%; NHB, 91.3%; NHW, 56.6%; other, 75%; P <.0001). The Gleason score at diagnosis differed among these race groups (Gleason score ≤6 PCa: Hispanic, 42.8%; NHB, 39.1%; NHW, 52.2%; other, 50%; Gleason score 8-10: Hispanic, 15.8%; NHB, 17.6%; NHW, 14.3%; other, 16.7%; P =.0005). The proportion of men with metastatic disease at diagnosis also differed significantly among the groups (Hispanic, 7.5%; NHB, 9.0%; NHW, 4.3%; other, 9.5%; P =.0139). Using pairwise comparisons, the odds ratio for a higher Gleason score at presentation between NHB and NHW was 1.592 (P <.001) and was 1.378 for Hispanic versus NHW (P =.0200). The pairwise comparison for metastatic disease at diagnosis showed an odds ratio of 2.186 for NHB versus NHW (P =.0087). After adjusting for SES, the odds ratio for a higher Gleason score comparing NHB and NHW was 1.55 (P =.001). Although the odds of metastatic disease were greater in Hispanic men than in NHW men (odds ratio, 1.784), the differences were not statistically significant (P =.1197). Conclusions: At our center, the clinical features of men from different racial groups differed significantly at the time of newly diagnosed PCa. Differences included age at diagnosis, SES, Gleason score, and proportion with metastatic disease. Our pairwise comparisons between different ethnic groups suggested that PCa in Hispanic men might be more similar to that in NHB than to that in NHW patients and are generally more aggressive at diagnosis.
- Ethnic minority
ASJC Scopus subject areas