Pathways of water between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Indonesian seas

Arnold L. Gordon, Rana A. Fine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

337 Scopus citations


The physical structure of the Pacific and Indian oceans is substantially affected by the inter-ocean transport of excess fresh water from the North Pacific Ocean through the Indonesian seas1,2. The efficiency of this transport is an important regulator of the meridional overturning of these oceans1,2, and hence perhaps of the global thermohaline circulation3; in addition, the seepage of warm water out of the Pacific affects the volume of the western Pacific warm pool, and thus may influence El Niño events24. But the sources, pathways and physical properties of the Indonesian throughflow are not well enough characterized to allow its influence on ocean circulation and the climate system to be quantified. Here we report salinity, temperature and chemical-tracer data from the Indonesian seas which show that the throughflow is dominated by two components: one of low-salinity, well ventilated North Pacific water through the upper thermocline of the Makassar Strait, and the other of more saline South Pacific water through the lower thermocline of the eastern Indonesian seas. Seasonal (monosonal) variations in the ratio of these components, perhaps modulated by El Niño conditions, imply the existence of potentially important variable feedbacks to the ocean circulation and climate system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-149
Number of pages4
Issue number6561
StatePublished - Jan 11 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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