Pathoanatomy and pathophysiology of nerve root compression

Björn Rydevik, Mark D. Brown, Göran Lundborg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

392 Scopus citations

Abstract

The anatomy and physiology of the nerve root complex in the lumbar spine are reviewed, with special reference to the effects of mechanical deformation of nerve roots in association with intervertebral disc herniation and spinal stenosis. Biomechanical aspects of nerve root deformation induced by compression are discussed. The functional changes induced by compression can be caused by mechanical nerve fiber deformation but also may be a consequence of changes in nerve root microcirculation, leading to ischemia and formation of intraneural edema. Nerve root compression can, by different neurophysiologic mechanisms, induce motor weakness and altered sensibility or pain. Intraneural edema and demyelination seem to be critical factors for the production of pain in association with nerve root compression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-15
Number of pages9
JournalSPINE
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

Keywords

  • Compression
  • Disc herniation
  • Edema
  • Ischaemia
  • Nerve root
  • Spinal stenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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